国立国語研究所
 
 

Meiji Era / Taishō Era Series: Overview INTRODUCTION

Morphologically annotated data (Short Unit Word Data) from magazines and national textbooks of the Meiji and Taishō eras are made publicly available here. Please note that Long Unit Word information is not annotated for any of the texts in this corpus.

Magazines, Meiji Era / Taishō Era Series I

Meiji Era / Taishō Era Series I: Magazines

The titles, publication dates, (and volume numbers) of the magazines included in the Meiji Era / Taishō Era Series I: Magazines corpus are as follows:

  • Meiroku Zasshi 明六雑誌
      1874 (nos. 1-25)
      1875 (nos. 26-43)
  • Kokumin no Tomo 国民之友
      1887 (nos. 1-13)
      1888 (nos. 14-36)
  • Taiyō 太陽
      1895 (vol. 1, nos. 1-12)
      1901 (vol. 7, nos. 1-5, 7-10, 12-14)
      1909 (vol. 15, nos. 1-2, 4-6, 8, 10-14, 16)
      1917 (vol. 23, nos. 1-6, 8-10, 12-14)
      1925 (vol. 31, nos. 1-5, 7, 9-14)
  • Jogaku Zasshi 女学雑誌
      1894 (nos. 387-405)
      1895 (nos. 406-417)
  • Jogaku Sekai 女学世界 1909 (vol. 9, nos. 3, 5, 8, 10, 13, 16)
  • Fujin Kurabu 婦人倶楽部 1925 (vol. 6, nos. 3, 6, 12)

This corpus has been created by grooming, expanding, and unifying four corpora that had been previously published: Meiroku Zasshi Corpus, Kokumin no Tomo Corpus, Taiyō Corpus, the Corpus of Modern Women's Magazines. It collects a certain number of years' magazine publications representative of each era so that changes in chronological periods can be tracked in a broad survey of the written language of the Meiji and Taishō eras.

Introductory notes / Users' manual / Annotation guidelines

In addition to the Short Unit Word morphological information rendered searchable in the text of this corpus, information on the genre, title of the magazine, article, and author has been annotated and can be accessed in the search results of the corpus search application Chūnagon.
Please read the following abstract for this corpus before use:

Please see the following pages for details on the specifications of the four sub-corpora that comprise this corpus:

The Short Unit Word morphological information for this corpus has been annotated according to the distinction between Literary and Colloquial Japanese, set out in the Annotation Guidelines listed below:
Please consult the Annotation Guidelines before use.

Links to images of the original texts of the magazines

Images of the original texts of the magazines can be accessed through the search results from Chūnagon, so that the text of the corpus can be compared to the original documents during use. Please note that images of the original texts for Jogaku Zasshi, Jogaku Sekai, and Fujin Kurabu are not available.

Note for Users

Presentations of research results using this corpus must include a citation taking the general form of the example below (with appropriate modifications depending on the version and the date of access):

  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (Kondō, Asuko; Mabuchi, Yōko; Hattori, Noriko, et. al.) (eds.) (2017) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Meiji Era / Taishō Era Series I: Magazines." (Short Unit Word data 1.1, Chūnagon version 2.2.2) http://pj.ninjal.ac.jp/corpus_center/chj/meiji_taisho.html (accessed March 22, 2017)

* As long as one of either the version or the date of access is clearly cited, the other can be omitted, as below:

  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (2017) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Meiji Era / Taishō Era Series I: Magazines". http://pj.ninjal.ac.jp/corpus_center/chj/meiji_taisho.html (accessed March 22, 2017)
  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (2017) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Meiji Era / Taishō Era Series I: Magazines". (Short Unit Word data 1.1) http://pj.ninjal.ac.jp/corpus_center/chj/meiji_taisho.html

Users will need to access the Corpus of Historical Japanese through the online search engine Chūnagon. Completion of a Users Licensing Agreement is required.
Please refer to the following: The Corpus of Historical Japanese: How to apply

Development Staff

    Developers

  • Kondō, Asuko; Mabuchi, Yōko; Hattori, Noriko (Adjunct Researcher)

    Assisting in Development

  • Ogiso, Toshinobu (Associate Professor); Tanaka, Makirō (Invited Scholar, The National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics; Professor, Meiji University)
  • Kōno, Tomoaki (Postdoctoral Research Fellow)
  • Kikawa, Azusa; Nakano, Atsuko; Wakasa, Aya (Technical Staff)
  • Umeda, Asuka; Ogawa, Shino; Katō, Fumiko; Takahashi, Yūta (Production assistants)

* Titles are current with the time of development.

The corpus compilation was supported by the "Design for a Diachronic Corpus" (2009-2016) project and the "Construction of Diachronic Corpora and New Developments in Research on the History of Japanese" (2016-) project.

Textbooks, Meiji Era / Taishō Era Series II

Overview

In 1903, in accordance with amendments to the Elementary School Order, a national textbook system was established that limited the use of textbooks in elementary schools to those for which the Ministry of Education owned the copyright, and from 1904 national textbooks were used in Japanese language classes. The national textbooks for Japanese language were compiled with the aim of accomplishing, through national language education, the completion of a style unifying writing and speech as a written language form, and the establishment of a standard spoken language. The materials were major contributors to the establishment and spread of the standard language used in modern Japan. In the "Meiji and Taisho Edition II Textbooks" corpus are recorded the nationally prescribed Japanese language textbook used at elementary schools (Period 1 to Period 6) and the nationally-prescribed Japanese language textbook used at higher elementary schools (Period 1). The period (the first year of use) and the name of each textbook recorded are as follows:

    Elementary school
  • First period(1904) Jinjō Shōgaku Tokuhon vol. 1-8 尋常小学読本 一~八
  • Second period(1910) Jinjō Shōgaku Tokuhon vol. 1-12 尋常小学読本 巻一~十二
  • Third period(1918) Jinjō Shōgaku Kokugo Tokuhon vol. 1-12 尋常小学国語読本 巻一~十二
  • Forth period(1933) Shōgaku Kokugo Tokuhon Jinjōka-yo vol. 1-12 小学国語読本尋常科用 巻一~十二
  • Fifth Period(1941) Yomikata vol. 1-2 ヨミカタ 一~二, Yomikata vol. 3-4 よみかた 三~四, Shotō-ka Kokugo vol.1-8 初等科国語 一~八
  • Sixth Period(1947) Kokugo vol. 1-4 こくご 一~四, Kokugo: The Third-Sixth Grade 国語 第三学年~第六学年
    Higher elementary school
  • First period(1904) Kōtō Shōgaku Tokuhon vol. 1-8 高等小学読本 一~八

The data for the elementary school textbooks in this corpus are based on the text data of the body of text used in creating the "Kokutei-Yōgo-Sōran CD-ROM Edition" (National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics, 1997). In addition, the data for higher elementary school textbooks is based on the data from the separately created Morphologically Annotated Corpus of "Koutou-Shōgaku Tokuhon" (higher elementary school readers) (Asuko Kondo, Toshinobu Ogiso, Fumiko Kato, (2010), 'The Morphologically Annotated Corpus of "Koutou-Shōgaku Tokuhon"'('The Collected Papers from the "Information Processing Society of Japan Symposium (Jinmonkon 2010 Collected Papers)'2010:15, pp.189-194) . The present corpus unifies these two sets of data and reconstructs the information in line with the design of the "Corpus of Historical Japanese".

Introductory notes / Users' manual / Annotation guidelines

In addition to the Short Unit Word morphological information rendered searchable in the text of this corpus, information on the period and grade has been annotated and can be accessed in the search results of the corpus search application Chūnagon. Please read the following abstract for this corpus before use:

The Short Unit Word morphological information for this corpus has been annotated according to the distinction between Literary and Colloquial Japanese, set out in the Annotation Guidelines listed below:

Please consult the Annotation Guidelines before use.

Links to images of the original texts of the national textbooks

Images of the original texts of the national textbooks can be accessed through the search results from Chūnagon, so that the text of the corpus can be compared to the original documents during use.

Note for Users

Presentations of research results using this corpus must include a citation taking the general form of the example below (with appropriate modifications depending on the version and the date of access):

  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (Hattori, Noriko; Mabuchi, Yōko; Kondō, Asuko et. al.) (eds.) (2018) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Meiji Era / Taishō Era Series II: Textbooks". (Short Unit Word data 1.0, Chūnagon version) http://pj.ninjal.ac.jp/corpus_center/chj/meiji_taisho.html (accessed October 15, 2018 )

* As long as one of either the version or the date of access is clearly cited, the other can be omitted, as below:

  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (2018) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Meiji Era / Taishō Era Series II: Textbooks". http://pj.ninjal.ac.jp/corpus_center/chj/meiji_taisho.html (accessed October 15, 2018 )
  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (2018) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Meiji Era / Taishō Era Series II: Textbooks". (Short Unit Word data 1.0) http://pj.ninjal.ac.jp/corpus_center/chj/meiji_taisho.html

Users will need to access the Corpus of Historical Japanese through the online search engine Chūnagon. Completion of a Users Licensing Agreement is required.
Please refer to the following: The Corpus of Historical Japanese: How to apply

Development Staff

    Developers
  • Hattori, Noriko(Adjunct Researcher)
  • Mabuchi, Yōko (Project Assistant Professor)
  • Kondō, Asuko (Adjunct Researcher)

    Assisting in Development
  • Ogiso, Toshinobu (Professor)
  • Matsuzaki, Yasuko (Postdoctral Research Fellow)
  • Nagumo, Chikako(Adjunct Researcher)
  • Kikawa, Azusa; Nakano, Atsuko; Bandō, Ryō; Wakasa, Aya (Technical Staff)
  • Umeda, Asuka; Katō Fumiko; Takahashi, Yūta (Production assistants)

* Titles are current with the time of development.

The corpus compilation was supported by the "Construction of Diachronic Corpora and New Developments in Research on the History of Japanese" (2016-) project.

 
 
event
unidic_bnr

日本語をはじめとする言語を分析するための基礎資料として、書き言葉や話し言葉の資料を体系的に収集し、研究用の情報を付与したものです。